Injury to the acromioclavicular joint occurs as a result of a collision with another player, e.g., in ice hockey, or a fall on the acromion.
The acromion may become pressure-sensitive, causing pain from pushing movements.
The diagnosis can be confirmed by X-ray, in chronic cases the degeneration of the clavicle head is common.
Therapy depends on the extent of the injury, with surgical treatment required in severe cases, and shoulder girdle strengthening and complex physiotherapy in milder cases.
Fractures can require surgical or conservative therapy depending on the type of injury. After surgery, a complex physiotherapy and rehabilitation program is required in order to restore shoulder function and load bearing capacity. Failure to do so is almost certain to lead to reinjury and long-term deterioration of shoulder function.
Fractures are associated with significant loss of shoulder function and are accompanied by significant pain. X-rays are taken to diagnose fractures, but MRI scans are a significant aid in the diagnosis of collateral injuries and soft tissue injuries.
The most effective way to prevent injury is a complex assessment of the shoulder girdle and spine, measuring muscle balance and range of motion with the help of appropriate equipment and a physiotherapist, and based on the results, creating a personalized complex exercise routine. (TSO Medical, Spinal Mouse, Physiotherapist Musculoskeletal Status, Sports Medicine Consultation)
The following link contains a general exercise routine compiled by the FIFA medical team to help you avoid injuries: